Cappadocia

For millions of years the soft layers of soil, formed by lava and ashes of Erciyes, Hasandağı and Güllüdağ and later eroded by rain and wind, created what today is known as Cappadocia.

60 million years ago, in the 3rd geological period the Taurus rose. In the north, the Anatolian Plateau was in a state of volcanic activity. Erciyes, Hasandağı and the Göllüdağ, the region between the two of them, was laced with lava. The ashes accumulated on the platte formed a tuff layer. The tuff layer was covered with a thin hardened layer of lava. As the base cracked it split. The rains began to leak from the cracks and erode the soft tuff. Warming and cooling air and winds also joined the formation. The process resulted in creation of hard basalt rocks with a hat looking aspect. This varied and interesting human looking rocks were called "Fairy chimneys".